If you have a roof, you probably have soffit and fascia. Soffit is the horizontal board that connects a home's siding and roofline, whereas fascia is the vertical board that holds the gutters. It's easy to miss these vital roofing components that might be damaged by overflowing gutters or ice damming in cold climes Squirrels, raccoons, and other animals frequently nest in and around these boards, causing structural damage.

Soffit

Soffit moves air up through the attic and out the ridge vent, keeping the roof cool. In roofing, a soffit is a board that spans the gap between a home's siding and the roof's outside edge. The soffit is made of wood, metal, or vinyl and serves as an air intake for attic ventilation, which helps keep the roof cool.

The soffit comprises a series of vents or openings that transport air up and through the attic to the ridge vent on the roof. It lets air circulate through your attic, keeping your shingles cool. If you don't do this, you'll lose around 20% of the life of your roof.

Water from clogged gutters regularly damages soffits. Water won't penetrate them unless you have a bad gutter system and don't clean them. Then the fascia and soffits deteriorate.

Raccoons and squirrels can cause significant damage to soffits when they nest there. Trimming tree branches away from the roof help keep rodents out. Look for signs of water saturation to check for soffit damage.

A yellow stain appears when water penetrates the roof and enters those areas. Look for splintered or rotted timber, and spaces where animals have chewed through. Any soffit damage should be reported to a roofing contractor.

Soffits And Fascia

We don't blame homeowners who mix up fascia and soffit due to their proximity. They're not common. But they're both vital roof components that help keep moisture out of your home.

  • The fascia board runs along the bottom of the roof, whereas the soffit runs against the house's walls.
  • Fascia boards keep moisture out and hold the gutter system that keeps rain from damaging your home's foundation.
  • Soffits are typically made of vinyl, which is durable, water-resistant, and low-maintenance, like vinyl siding.
  • Soffits help ventilate the attic and fascias keep rain and moisture out. The most crucial thing is that both fascias and soffits are built in your roof to protect your home from the elements.

Materials

Materials for fascia and soffit boards vary in application and cost. In most cases, fascia and soffit boards are sold in 12-foot pieces, but not always.

Wood

Wood fascia and soffit boards are the most popular choice since they are affordable, attractive, and easy to install. Wood planks can be easily repaired, however other materials must be replaced. Keep in mind that wood is particularly sensitive to harm.

Vinyl

Vinyl soffits provide the air intake needed for proper air flow in attics, and for controlled temperatures indoors. Soffits are typically used as the exposed undersurface of the roof overhang above exterior siding. It’s the ventilation support you need to protect your home from extreme temperatures and moisture.

Composite

Made of recyclable wood chips, sawdust and epoxy resin. These boards are robust, rot-resistant, and colorfast.

Aluminum

Aluminum boards, like composite, are difficult to install and expensive, but they are more durable, require less care, and last longer.

Maintenance and Repair

Drip Edges and Gutter Replacement

Replace drip edges and gutters at the same time as fascia and soffit boards.

Painting

Many people paint their fascia and soffit to match the roof and house exterior. While your specialist is fixing or replacing your boards, consider painting them. Pre-painted vinyl, composite, and aluminum boards tend to need re-painting after a few years.

Upgrading Soffit Vents

Soffits keep your attic well ventilated, preventing mold growth and lowering humidity. Older homes may require upgraded soffit vents to guarantee appropriate ventilation. Why not do this while the boards are being replaced?

Bees, Wasps, and Hornets

Wasps and hornets love to nest in soffit and fascia. If a roofer finds multiple nests when inspecting your roof, you may need to hire a pest exterminator before continuing with the repair. Honey bees pollinate 80 percent of the world's flowering plants, therefore relocation is always preferable to elimination.

Eave Configuration

The shape of your eaves can affect the overall cost of your fascia and soffit repair. Add 5% effort if your eave has nailed-in drip margins and weather sheathing. Also, soffits are sometimes affixed directly to the fascia boards, increasing labor expenditures.

What information should I have ready for my soffit and fascia pro when I reach out for an estimate?

Take pictures of the damage, but be careful climbing on the roof. Know the materials in your current soffit and fascia boards, as well as when they were last serviced. Let them know if you've done any major or unusual roof repairs so they can prepare. Finally, know your roof's total square footage. What other projects should I do at the same time? This is a wonderful opportunity to do any pending roof repairs or maintenance. Inspect the roof for any additional flaws that could cause damage in the future.

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